Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montréal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanised, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, with 70 percent of Canadians living within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the southern border. Canada has a very high standard of living, as it ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.
Today, Canada is a multicultural country and officially bilingual at the federal level. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
Canada is a developed country and has the tenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. Canada is a Commonwealth realm, a federal state with a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state and head of government of Canada, with a Prime Minister of Canada as the head of government.
Here are some of the top places that you should visit in Canada -
- Niagara Falls
One of the most famous waterfalls in the world, Niagara Falls is actually made up of three different waterfalls: the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. The Horseshoe Falls are on the Canadian side of the border while the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls are on the U.S. side. Niagara Falls is a popular tourist destination for many reasons: the magnificent waterfalls, the nearby casinos and entertainment, the many restaurants and hotels, and the close proximity to other major cities such as Toronto and Buffalo.
- Banff National Park
Located in the Rocky Mountains of Alberta, Banff National Park is Canada's oldest national park and one of the country's most popular tourist destinations. The park is home to a number of glaciers, hot springs, lakes, and mountains, and is a popular spot for hiking, camping, skiing, and wildlife watching.
- The CN Tower
The CN Tower is a communications and observation tower located in downtown Toronto. At 553.3 metres (1,815.4 ft), it was the world's tallest free-standing structure until 2009 when it was surpassed by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. The CN Tower is a popular tourist destination for its panoramic views of the city of Toronto and its surrounding area.
- The Canadian Rockies
The Canadian Rockies are a mountain range located in the western part of Canada. The Rockies stretch from the province of British Columbia to the province of Alberta, and are a popular destination for hiking, camping, skiing, and mountaineering.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada and is located in the province of Ontario. The city is home to a number of important government buildings and institutions, as well as a number of museums and historic sites. Ottawa is also a popular tourist destination for its many festivals and events, including the annual Tulip Festival.
Vancouver is a coastal city located in the province of British Columbia. The city is nestled between the Coast Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, and is a popular destination for its mild climate, scenic beauty, and outdoor activities.
- Quebec City
Quebec City is the capital of the province of Quebec and is the oldest city in Canada. The city is located on the St. Lawrence River and is known for its gorgeous architecture, vibrant culture, and friendly people.
- The Niagara Wine Region
The Niagara Wine Region is located in the Niagara Peninsula of Ontario and is home to over 100 wineries. The region is famous for its Icewine, a type of dessert wine made from grapes that have been frozen on the vine. The Niagara Wine Region is a popular tourist destination for its many wine tours and tastings.
- The Arctic
The Arctic is a vast and rugged region located in the northernmost part of Canada. The Arctic is home to a number of unique animals, including polar bears, wolves, and caribou. The region is also a popular destination for adventure seekers, as it offers a number of challenging outdoor activities.
Montreal is the largest city in the province of Quebec and is the second-largest city in Canada. The city is located on the Island of Montreal, and is known for its French-Canadian culture, architecture, and cuisine. Montreal is a popular tourist destination for its many festivals and events, including the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs comedy festival.
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